A keloid scar is an overgrowth of scar tissue that sometimes forms after a cut or other event that results in trauma to the skin has healed. It is uncertain why these scars form, and they do not form every time there is an injury to the skin. They do seem more likely in people between 10 and 30 years of age. People with darker skin tones are also more likely to get them. While they mostly form at the site of an injury, there have been cases of keloid scars that form when there was no history of any illness or injury that caused skin damage.
Some of the most well-known causes of keloid scars are:
- Cuts as a result of injury
- Incisions from surgery
- Ear piercings
People who have one of these scars are sometimes more likely to develop them in other places on the body. This is because some individuals are more prone to having them than others.
Keloid scars stick up from the skin and become rounded, elevated surface areas as they grow. They are usually pink, purple or brown and typically look shiny. They sometimes have a rubber-like feel. Occasionally, they can be uncomfortable due to itching and tenderness. In most cases, however, they have no impact on the person’s health. There can be times, though, when they interfere with the range of motion if they are located directly over a joint. The biggest issue with them in most people’s minds is their appearance.
Medical professionals can diagnose keloid scars simply by looking at them. When they begin to appear, they will continue to grow until they reach their full development. This can be a slow process, lasting years in some cases.
For preventative measures, there are some things that can be done for people whose history indicates that they are prone to the development of keloid scars. Whenever they are scheduled for a surgical procedure or suffer an accidental skin laceration, the wound can be covered with hypoallergenic paper tape or a silicone gel for several weeks. Other preventive measures that are done from time to time include corticosteroid injections during the early stages of healing.
People with keloid scars who are looking for treatment options should consult with our experts at Atlanta APC Plastic Surgery. During a consultation at our office in Atlanta or Conyers, you can learn about how we can help to reduce the appearance of your scar, or maybe even remove it altogether. Contact us today to schedule your appointment.